MIP – Floating the River and What You Should Know
During the summer months, outdoor activities surrounding the water are very popular for families,
teenagers, and college students. With the increased activity, law enforcement (including game
wardens) can typically be found patrolling areas, checking the IDs of young people with alcohol. Thus,
minor in possession and other related charges typically spike during summer. Before anyone makes the
decision to engage in underage drinking, knowing the consequences can let you know whether you can
afford to get a citation.
What is an MIP?
Texas law prohibits anyone under the age of 21 to possess or consume alcohol. Possession does not
mean “intoxicated.” Thus, your first sip of that Shiner can cost you as much as your fifth one halfway
down the river.
A minor in possession charge is a Class C misdemeanor. Punishment includes a fine, community service
hours, possible driver’s license suspension, and mandatory attendance at an alcohol/drug awareness
class. The fine can be up to $500 for the first offense, or after two offenses and the minor is above
the age of eighteen, up to $2000. In addition to paying the fine, the judge MUST order the minor to
complete an alcohol or drug awareness program (which you must pay for). For minors under the age
of 18, the court may also require the parent/guardian to attend the substance awareness class. If the
minor lives in a smaller county (less than 75,000 people), the court may allow the awareness class be
taken online. In these more rural counties, the online class requirement can be replaced with eight
more additional hours of community service related to substance abuse. Minors placed on deferred
adjudication and minors convicted must complete both the required community service hours and the
substance awareness class. If for some reason the court does not allow deferred adjudication, and the
minor is subsequently convicted, his/her driver’s license will be suspended for at least 30 days for a first-
The consequences of an MIP charge
Another headache to think about is the requirement that the minor charged see a judge in the county
he/she was cited in. This can be troublesome if the minor is on vacation 7-8 hours from home.
However, there is an affirmative defense to minors for either consuming or possessing alcohol. In the
legal world, an affirmative defense means, “Yes, I did what you say I did, but there are other facts that
actually make me not guilty.” Under the law, a minor cannot get in trouble for drinking or holding an
alcoholic beverage when that beverage is consumed or possessed in the visible presence of the minor’s
adult parent, guardian, or adult spouse.
How to handle an MIP charge?
If your child has been cited with an MIP, it is important to seek out defense counsel. As the attitudes
towards deferred adjudication and severity of the offense differ, local attorneys are in the best position
to help you get a clear picture of how your minor’s situation will likely be resolved.